Backend Developer Roadmap 2022| Complete Guided Roadmap

Backend developer roadmap

Do you want to become a successful backend developer? Well, the first step is to know the roadmap. In this post, I’ll show you the complete roadmap for becoming a successful backend developer in 2022!

Well, If you want to become a backend developer and want to choose backend development as your career, Then, You’ve found the right article. There are plenty of useful tips to help you become a successful backend developer. This roadmap will guide you on turning your skills into the most valuable asset of the tech industry.

Also Read: Android developer roadmap 2022 | Complete Roadmap for android development

To sum it up, at the end of this article, you’ll know from where to start and learn backend development easily in 2022. We’ll talk about the basic things you have to know before starting backend development and a complete step-by-step guided roadmap for learning Backend development.

What is a Backend Developer?

Basically, Backend developers write and handle the code on the back-end of a website. This means that backend developers handle or write code for the server communicates with the database to store and retrieve information.

Well, we can create a simple website through HTML, CSS and JavaScript. But with this, we can make our website only responsive and interactive. We can store data or retrieve it without backend servers, databases, etc.

So, to make our website more lively, backend developers write code on the server-side to interact the website with the database.

For example, A website has a login page or signup page. So with a signup page users can easily signup on a website (Like in Facebook, Instagram, etc.). So, whenever a user signup then the data of the user will be stored in the database on the server-side. And retrieve the data when it needed. Like whenever same user visits the website again, then the user will log in to the website. And when the user presses the login button then data from the database will be retrieved and will be matched. If the information is correct then the user will login otherwise login will be failed.

Frontend Vs Backend Development

Frontend vs backend developer

Frontend and backend developers are like the yin and yang of web development.

Frontend developers focus their energy on creating the visual aspects of websites, while backend developers handle all of the behind-the-scenes processing that makes sites work.

While it’s common for developers to be familiar with both sides of web development, most spend most of their time working with one or the other.

Frontend developers are responsible for making sure that the website’s layout looks good and functions smoothly. They must also make sure that there is a clear path from one page to another, and that any applications or other interactive elements work perfectly. This requires frontend developers to have solid creative abilities, as well as a detailed understanding of how users will interact with their designs. It also requires them to possess a solid knowledge of programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Backend developers have a lot less to do with how sites look and feel—instead, they focus on keeping everything running smoothly by converting user actions into database actions and making sure that everything takes place in the right order. They also build out APIs (application programming interfaces), which allow different software programs to communicate with each other. Typically, backend developers use programming languages like SQL (Structured Query Language)

Why choose Backend Development as a Career?

If you’re considering a career in backend development, that’s something to be really proud of. The world needs more people like you, who are interested in how the internet works and what makes it tick.

Backend development is an important part of programming because it’s the server-side of the process. You know how sometimes you load a website, and it takes a long time? That’s because the server is busy doing all kinds of things behind the scenes that make your web experience seamless and effortless.

As a backend developer, you get to be this magic worker who makes sure that all these complex processes happen behind the scenes, so that people have an amazing user experience (UX) with your company’s website or app. And guess what? Your work will never be done! Every year there’s new technology, new techniques, new ways to make things better for clients and users. You get to dig in and figure out how to make all of that happen without people ever knowing it was happening at all.

The best part? Backend developers are in high demand, so you’ll never have to worry about where your next paycheque will come from.

Roadmap to Become a Backend Developer in 2022

Here is a full guided Roadmap to becoming a successful backend developer in 2022. This is the easiest and beginner-friendly roadmap ever for those who wants to become a backend developer

Start with Basics

As a beginner, you’ll need to make sure you understand the fundamentals before moving on to more advanced topics.

Learn these basics first:

  • Any Programming language which is used for backend development. These are the most used programming language in the backend part:

a.)Python – If you learn python then you can go for Django framework for backend

b.)Javascript – If you learn JS then you can go for NodeJs framework for backend

c.)Java – If you learn Java then you can go for Spring framework for backend

d.)PHP, etc.

  • Learn Database

A database is an organized collection of structured information, or data, typically stored electronically in a computer system. 

Majorly, there are two types of databases:

a.)SQL  – These are table-based databases.

SQL Databases:

  • PostgreSQL
  • MySQL
  • Oracle 

b.)No- SQL-  These are document, key-value, graph, or wide-column stores.

NoSQL Databases

  • Firebase
  • MongoDB
  • Cassandra
  • InfluxDB 

You also must have some frontend coding knowledge also like HTML, CSS.


how backend development works

What is API: Application Programming Interface, a software intermediary that allows two applications to talk to each other.

A brief example of what an API does: If you used the Instagram app on your phone, you might have seen the option to share a photo and then selected the Facebook app as your way of sharing that photo with friends. At that moment, Instagram used Facebook’s API to send your photo over to the Facebook app.

For Backend Development you also need learn:

  • API – How to make APIs, how it works.
  • REST API – CRUD Operations, Methods, etc.

Learn GIT and Basic Linux Commands


Git is a distributed version control system for tracking changes in source code during software development. It is designed for coordinating work among programmers, but it can be used to track changes in any set of files. Its goals include speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows.

You have to learn GIT for backend development because it really helps in industry level projects and also any big backend projects. So must learn GIT.

Basic Linux Commands

You also need to learn some basic Linux commands. Because if we see, maximum Linux OS is used in server-side to manage the database. So, it makes it important to know Linux commands to manage databases.

Servers and Cloud Servers Providers

cloud server providers for backend developers

There are mainly 3 cloud service providers which are mostly used

Cloud server providers are cheaper than maintaining our own server.

Also Read: Ethical Hacker Roadmap

Also Read: Android developer roadmap 2022 | Complete Roadmap for android development

Let’s consider if you are using AWS, then you must also learn about:

Elastic bean Stalk: With Elastic Beanstalk, you can quickly deploy and manage applications in the AWS Cloud without having to learn about the infrastructure that runs those applications. Learn more about elastic beanstalk.

  • Load Balancing
  • Auto Scaling group
  • Cloud watch
  • SNS/ monitoring
  • CICD – Code pipeline

More to Learn for Backend Development

  • Route S3
  • Cron Jobs
  • Architecture Patterns


Since it’s not easy to become a backend developer, it has its challenges. However, if you take the time to learn and keep learning, you can easily overcome these challenges. We hope that this roadmap was able to show you how to do that. There is a lot of work involved in becoming a backend developer. But the end result (a salary of $90,000+) is worth it.

Hope you like our today’s article “Backend Developer Roadmap 2022” If you like our article please share this roadmap article to your friends and family members, who are interested in backend development and wants to become a backend developer in 2022


Q1. How to be a backend developer?

Ans. Nowadays it is very easy to learn backend development and become a successful backend developer because there are lots of resources available on the internet to learn backend development. But the most important thing is to follow a better roadmap. You can follow the roadmap which is given in this article or any other amazing roadmap from the internet.

Q2. Which are the most important skills to become a back end developer?

Ans. Following are the most important skills for becoming a back end developer:

  • Backend Programming Languages
  • Knowledge of Popular Frameworks
  • Databases and Cache
  • Data Structures and Algorithms
  • Familiarity with Servers
  • Knowledge of APIs
  • Version control and version control systems

Q3. Which database management systems are important for back end developers?

Ans. Database management systems that are important for backend developers are include PostgreSQL, Oracle and AWS DynamoDB. 

Q4. Top free resources to learn backend development?

Ans. There are some free resources to learn backend development for free

  • Youtube – You can follow CodeWithHarry,, Codedamn, Programming with Mosh Youtube channels to learn backend development for absolute free.
  • Udacity – There are some free courses available on udacity for backend development like ( Introduction to backend development,etc.)
  • coding blogs– You can follow online coding blogs like Oracle, Killer PHP, Baeldung, Speedshop, Running with Ruby, etc.


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